Guide to Planning School Science Facilities 2nd Edition 2007
“Manual shut-off switches should be located so that the teacher can easily access them and shut off the electricity, gas or water in different zones when not needed for science activities”
“Emergency shut-off controls for electrical or gas service should be highly visible, clearly labeled, and available to the teacher, but not easily accessible to the students. They are normally located near the teacher’s station and not far from the hallway exit, but not immediately adjacent to the hall door. The placement should be such so that the students are not able to hit the switch as they exit the class each period causing repetitive problems.”
“The clearly labeled emergency gas shut-off valve should be activated by pushing a highly visible button, with a keyed reset mechanism to turn the gas supply back on when the emergency is over. The keyed reset feature can also be used by the teacher to shut off the gas when it is not needed in lieu of the control valve mentioned above. Models that have red shut off buttons recessed into a metal frame minimize the possibility of an inadvertent shutoff. All emergency controls in the laboratory / classroom should be in a location that is readily accessible by the teacher, but not easily reached by students.”
Designing Facilities for the Middle School (6-8)
“If central gas is used, it should be located at the perimeter, near the sinks. The room should have a button-activated emergency shut-off valve.”
“Place emergency shut-off controls for electrical service, and gas near the teacher’s station, not far from the door, and not too easily accessible to students.”
Designing Facilities for the High School (9-12)
“When gas is provided by a central system, an emergency shut-off valve, activated by pushing a highly visible visible button, will be needed. A central control valve can enable the teacher to shut off the gas in the room when not in use. Emergency shut-off controls for electrical service and gas should be near the teacher’s station, not far from the door, and not easily accessible to students.”
Review of NFPA Codes and Standards as they apply to to the Merlin Range for Commercial Kitchen Protection systems
Under the NFPA (54) Code 10.3.5.1 & 10.3.5.2 (2002), ventilating hoods and exhaust systems shall be permitted to vent gas-fired equipment installed in commercial applications. However, certain requirements must be met, including:
• These same requirements apply for systems with standing or electronic pilot ignitions.
• A valve shall be located on the main gas line feeding the appliances served by the gas hood and shall stop the flow of gas to the appliances upon loss of draft. No by-pass of the gas solenoid valve is allowed.
• Where automatically operated gas utilization equipment is vented through a ventilating hood or exhaust system equipped with a damper or with a power means of exhaust, provisions shall be made to allow the flow of gas to the main burners only when the damper is open to a position to properly vent the equipment and
when the power means of exhaust is in operation.
• The gas valve must be controlled by a draft proving switch measuring draft within the hood. The gas valve is allowed to be open only when the fan is operational or the damper is 100% open.
• The gas valve shall be equipped with a manual reset (integral or otherwise). The valve must be manually reset only when the lock-out condition is corrected. The reset cannot be automatic.
Review of NFPA Codes and Standards as they apply to the Merlin Range of Educational Utility Control Panels.
NFPA 101 Life Safety Code 2012 Edition.
4.1.1* Fire. A goal of this code is to provide an environment for the occupants that is reasonably safe from fire by the following means:
(1)* Protection of occupants not intimate with the initial fire development
(2) Improvement of the survivability of occupants intimate with the initial fire development
4.2.3 System Effectiveness. Systems utilized to achieve the goals of section 4.1 shall be effective in mitigating the hazard or condition for which they are being used, shall be reliable, shall be maintained to the level at which they were designed to operate, and shall remain operational.
4.5.1 Multiple Safeguards. The design of every building or structure intended for human occupancy shall be such that reliance for safety to life does not depend solely on any single safeguard. An additional safeguard(s) shall be provided for life safety in case any single safeguard is ineffective due to inappropriate human actions or system failure.
184.108.40.206 For the purpose of this code, a complete fire alarm system shall provide functions for the initiation, notification and control, which shall perform as follows:
(1) The initiation function provides the input signal to the system.
(2) The notification function is the means by which the system advises that human action is required in response to a particular condition.
(3) The control function provides outputs to control building equipment to enhance protection of life.
9.6.6 Location of Controls. Operator controls, alarm indicators, and manual communications capability shall be installed at a convenient location acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction.
NFPA 45 – Standard on Fire Protection For Laboratories Using Chemicals, 2011 Edition
6.6 Fire Prevention
6.6.1 Fire prevention procedures.
220.127.116.11 Fire prevention procedures shall be established.
6.6.3* Emergency Plans
18.104.22.168 Plans for laboratory emergencies shall be developed, which shall include the following:
(1) Alarm activation
(2) Evacuation and building re-entry procedures
(3) Shutdown procedures or applicable emergency operations for equipment, processes, ventilation devices, and enclosures
(4) Fire fighting operations
(5)* Non-fire hazards
(6) Information as required by the AHJ to allow the emergency responders to develop response tactics
7.1 Explosion Hazard Protection
7.12 Protection shall be provided by one or more of the following:
(4) Remote control of equipment to minimize personnel exposure
12 Laboratory Operations and Apparatus.
22.214.171.124 Unattended or automatic laboratory operations involving hazardous chemicals shall be provided with regular surveillance for abnormal conditions. (see 126.96.36.199 and 188.8.131.52)
184.108.40.206 Unattended operations shall be provided with over-ride control and automatic shutdown to prevent systems failure that can result in fire explosion.
220.127.116.11 Operating controls shall be accessible under normal and emergency conditions.
NFPA 54 – National Fuel Gas Code
5.12 Shutoff Valves. Shutoff valves shall be approved and shall be selected giving consideration to pressure drop, service involved, emergency use, and reliability of operation. Shutoff valves of 1 in. (25mm) National Pipe Thread and smaller shall be listed.
18.104.22.168 Shutoff Valves for Laboratories. Each laboratory space containing two or more gas outlets installed on tables, benches, or in hoods in educational, research, commercial, and industrial occupancies shall have a single shutoff valve through which all such gas outlets are supplied. The shutoff valve shall be accessible, located within the laboratory or adjacent to the laboratory’s egress door, and identified.
NFPA 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, 2012 Edition
6.6.2 Those areas, including buildings, where a potential exists for a flammable liquid spill shall be monitored as appropriate. The following methods shall be permitted to be used:
(1) Personnel observation or patrol
(2) Process-monitoring equipment that would indicate a spill or leak could have occurred
(3) Provision of gas detectors to continuously monitor the area where facilities are unattended
NFPA 1 Fire Code 2018 Edition
4.4.1 Multiple Safeguards
22.214.171.124 The design of every building or structure intended for human occupancy shall be such that reliance on property protection and safety to life does depend solely on any single safeguard.
126.96.36.199 Additional safeguard(s) shall be provided for property protection and life safety in the event that any single safeguard is ineffective due to inappropriate human actions, building failure or system failure.
4.4.2 Appropriateness of Safeguards. Every building or structure shall be provided with means of egress and other safeguards of the kinds, numbers, locations, and capacities appropriate to the individual building or structure, with due regard to the following:
(1) Characteristics of the occupancy
(2) Capabilities of the occupants
(3) Number of persons exposed
(4) Fire protection available
(5) Capabilities of response personnel
(6) Height and type of construction of the building or structure
(7) Other factors necessary to provide occupants with a reasonable degree of safety
(8) Other factors necessary to protect the building and contents from danger
4.5.3 Provisions in Excess of Code Requirements. Nothing in this code shall be construed to prohibit a better type of building construction, an additional means of egress, or an otherwise more safe condition than that specified by the minimum requirements of this code.
Review of the ICC International Codes as they apply to the Merlin range of Educational Utility Control Panels.
409.6 Shutoff valve for laboratories.
Where provided with two or more fuel gas outlets, including table-, bench- and hood-mounted outlets, each laboratory space in educational, research, commercial and industrial occupancies shall be provided with a single dedicated shutoff valve through which all such gas outlets shall be supplied. The dedicated shutoff valve shall be readily accessible, located within the laboratory space served, located adjacent to the egress door from the space and shall be identified by approved signage stating “Gas Shutoff.”
[F] 907.2.3 Group E.
A manual fire alarm system that initiates the occupant notification signal utilizing an emergency voice/alarm communication system meeting the requirements of Section 907.5.2.2 and installed in accordance with Section 907.6 shall be installed in Group E occupancies. When automatic sprinkler systems or smoke detectors are installed, such systems or detectors shall be connected to the building fire alarm system.
404.3.1 Fire evacuation plans.
Fire evacuation plans shall include the following:
2. Procedures for employees who must remain to operate critical equipment before evacuating.
6. The preferred and any alternative means of notifying occupants of a fire or emergency.